Implantation of an artificial root in the jaw of today is no surprise. This procedure is called "implantation of teeth." Contraindications to it, of course, there are, but usually they are silent about. Let's try to understand what advantages and disadvantages are implants in themselves.
Implants are the supports on which crowns or dentures are fixed . Titanium structures consist of a screw (implanted during surgery) and an abutment (attached after engraftment). With their help, you can restore the dentition without the participation of neighboring teeth.
Today, there is a one-stage implantation of teeth, which allows you to put in order and restore the functionality of the jaw in one go. Artificial structures allow to avoid removable prosthetics, the patient does not feel them after the period of engraftment.
- To correct defects of the dentition;
- Replace missing teeth;
- Prosthetically completely toothless jaw;
- Fix removable dentures;
- Correctly distribute the chewing load;
- Avoid bone atrophy;
- Keep the taste.
The procedure is considered harmless and in recent years has become cheaper by five times.
Surgical intervention always has indications and contraindications. They can be general and local, permanent and temporary, relative and absolute. Implantation of teeth is no exception.
Absolute contraindications include:
- Diseases of the central nervous system, blood;
- Malignant tumors;
- Immunopathological condition;
- Lupus erythematosus, chronic stomatitis, pemphigus;
- Hypertonicity of the masticatory muscles.
Implantation of teeth - contraindications relative:
- Caries, lack of sanitation;
- Pathological bite;
- Marginal periodontitis;
- Addiction, smoking, alcoholism;
- Intolerance to anesthesia;
- The use of antidepressants, immunosuppressants, anticoagulants, cytostatics;
- Exhaustion of the body;
- Mental disorders or severe stress;
- Lack of proper oral hygiene.
- Atrophy of bone tissue or disruption of its structure;
- An unfavorable distance to the sinuses according to experts.
Of the temporary contraindications we will single out pregnancy, radiation, acute diseases, drug dependence and the stages of rehabilitation after the operations carried out.
In general, there are many contraindications for dental implantation, but only a small part of them makes the operation impossible. In most cases, you just need to prepare and receive medical treatment.
Implantation of teeth: complications
When implants are installed, there may be damage to the vessels. Often, inflammation occurs due to non-compliance with such prescriptions of the doctor, as the restriction of alcohol consumption, smoking cessation.
In order to avoid complications after the operation, it is necessary to thoroughly clean the oral cavity, use toothpaste, brush, dental floss, brush, irrigators, and once a half a year to take a course of professional hygiene.
Implants take root in 98 cases out of 100. Their shelf life with proper care is not limited, whereas traditional bridges require replacement in 5 years. Therefore, it can be said that the future of dentistry is behind implantation.