What helps "Gastal", many people know. After all, problems with the gastrointestinal tract in patients occur very often. If such a drug is unfamiliar to you, we will tell you about it just below.
Composition, form, packaging, description
What helps Gastal? Before answering this question, it is necessary to find out in what form the given drug goes on sale.
According to the instructions, the medicine is available in the form of tablets for resorption. They have cherry and mint tastes, as well as white or cream color, round shape with a bevel and a smooth surface.
The active substances of this agent are magnesium hydroxide and aluminum hydroxide-magnesium carbonate gel. In addition, the composition of the drug includes such auxiliary ingredients as sodium cyclamate, lactose monohydrate, mannitol, sorbitol, sodium saccharinate, corn starch, peppermint peppermint, magnesium stearate and talc.
The drug in question is sold in blisters and cardboard boxes.
Features of the medicinal product
All patients should know about what Gastal helps with. This medicine is referred to the group of buffer antacids. It increases the pH of the stomach juice, and also eliminates the unpleasant sensations caused by high acidity in the main digestive organ (heartburn and abdominal pain).
The antacid properties of this remedy are manifested by rapid and prolonged neutralization of the stomach acid (hydrochloric acid). The intake of one tablet is able to neutralize hydrochloric acid.
Properties of the medicine
The drug "Gastal" for heartburn helps very well. This effect is due to its composition.
The aluminum hydroxide -magnesium carbonate gel is a buffer antacid substance that reduces the acidity of gastric juice to a normal level and normalizes digestion. It should also be noted that aluminum hydroxide is able to inactivate pepsin, which is contained in gastric juice.
As for magnesium hydroxide, it is an unbuffered antacid. It is not absorbed in the intestines, but very quickly neutralizes acidity, and also has a laxative effect.
According to the instruction, the complex of aluminum hydroxide and magnesium hydroxide provides activation of the antacid effect and reduces the risk of side effects, which are characteristic for each ingredient separately (for example, diarrhea after using magnesium compounds and constipation after aluminum).
The antacid effect of the agent in question appears almost immediately after taking the drug and lasts for two hours. In this case, the medicine inactivates pepsin, lysolecithin and bile acids.
It should also be noted that aluminum hydroxide enhances the protective and regenerative processes in the stomach.
What helps Gastal?
Asking this question to your doctor, you will receive an answer that the drug in question well relieves of indigestion, as well as pain and discomfort in the stomach.
Will Gastal help with heartburn? And with this condition, the medicine in question is very effective.
So, the indications for taking these tablets are:
- Diseases that are characterized by increased acid formation (eg, peptic ulcer, gastritis or reflux esophagitis);
- Such dyspeptic manifestations as heartburn, epigastric pain, acidic eructation, discomfort after consuming coffee, alcoholic beverages, nicotine, dietary errors and taking a number of medications.
Does "Gastal" help from nausea? Such a condition eliminates this drug only if it is associated with diseases of the digestive tract.
Now you know that "Gastal" from nausea helps only in special cases. However, before taking this medication, you should know that it has a number of the following contraindications:
- Renal failure (severe forms);
- Hypersensitivity to compounds of aluminum, magnesium or other constituent components;
- Children's age to six years;
- Alzheimer's disease;
- Diseases associated with impaired lactose metabolism.
It should also be noted that this remedy is cautiously prescribed for chronic kidney failure, children 6-12 years, adults and adolescents from 12 years with a weight below 50 kg.
The drug "Gastal": instructions for use
What helps this medicine, we told above.
According to the instructions, the agent in question is intended for resorption in an amount of 1-2 tablets 4 or 5 times a day 60 minutes after the meal and at bedtime. The maximum dosage of this drug per day is 8 tablets, and the duration of admission - no more than two weeks.
With heartburn, this medication should be taken regardless of the meal in similar doses.
Children aged 6-12 years, as well as adults and toddlers from 12 years of age weighing less than 50 kg, should take this medication in a half dose (from the standard dose). However, the course of therapy should not be more than two weeks.
People with chronic kidney disease do not need to adjust the dose and the frequency of taking the drug.
When taking Gastal resorption tablets, patients may experience:
- Constipation, discoloration of stool;
- Nausea, urticaria;
- Diarrhea, itching, vomiting, dermatitis;
- Anaphylaxis and angioedema.
As a rule, the use of medicament in the recommended dosages does not cause the above side effects.
With prolonged use of the drug in high doses, the concentration of phosphorus in the body may decrease, osteomalacia, decalcifications in bone tissues may increase, and hyperaluminia and hypermagnesia may occur.
In people with kidney diseases, plasma concentrations of magnesium and aluminum are increasing when this drug is used. Often this leads to the development of dementia and encephalopathy.
The use of this drug in large doses can cause intestinal obstruction. If, after treatment, the patient has decreased body weight, there is constant discomfort in the abdomen and swallowing is difficult, then you should immediately contact a doctor.
It is highly not recommended to use the medication in question for more than two weeks without the appointment of a doctor.
Reviews about the drug
In the vast majority of reviews about tablets "Gastal" are positive. Consumers argue that this medicine is good for relieving heartburn and other unpleasant problems that are associated with diseases of the digestive system. The main advantages of this drug are quickness of action, pleasant taste and long-lasting effect.