Solutions for external use, which have a pronounced antiviral, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effect, are used not only in medical institutions, but also at home.
The most effective and relatively safe domestic antibacterial solution is considered to be Chlorhexidine. In addition, the drug is cheap, which makes it affordable regardless of the level of material welfare of the patient. Miramistin, an analog of Chlorhexidine, also has the above properties and is widely used in medical practice.
What is antiseptics for?
Antimicrobials are used in such branches of medicine as:
Antiseptic solutions are used for treatment and disinfection:
- Purulent and septic processes, wounds, cuts;
- Genital organs and urinary tract in inflammation and venereal diseases;
- Oral cavity with stomatitis;
- Removable dentures;
- Manicure tools.
Also, water "Chlorhexidine" and its analogue are used as part of complex therapy for chronic urethritis, chlamydia, cystitis. Antiseptics are often used as a preventive measure against sexually transmitted infections, venereal diseases and even HIV.
"Miramistin" of domestic production is prescribed in addition to drug therapy for otitis, sinusitis and other diseases of the nasopharynx, used to treat progressive candidiasis, mycosis. Positive feedback from patients indicates its high effectiveness. Rinse throat with tonsillitis, pharyngitis relieves acute pain, greatly facilitates well-being.
Its use in gynecology for the treatment and prevention of vaginitis, erosion and other inflammatory processes of the vagina also gives positive results, which is confirmed by the positive feedback of obstetrician-gynecologists.
Antimicrobial solutions are based on substances that, when interacting with membranes and cell walls of microorganisms, violate their integrity, penetrating into the inner layers and destroying the cell.
Substances have a harmful effect on gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. They have a high selectivity, destroying harmful bacteria, do not harm both cells of the body with both Miramistin and Chlorhexidine. What is the difference between the preparations will become clear after describing the properties of each of them separately. Though insignificant, but the differences between them exist.
Description of Miramistin
It is a colorless liquid that, when shaken, can form a foam. Active active substance has the same name. In 1 ml of liquid contains 0.1 mg of dry miramistine.
Molecules of the solution, penetrating the bacterial membrane, loosen its structure, disrupt the enzyme activity, which leads to the death of the microbe.
Miramistin is effective in combating yeast-like fungi, detrimental to the causative agents of venereal diseases (gonorrhea, syphilis), it effectively fights spores, chlamydia and protozoa.
They are able to remove inflammation, have an antimicrobial effect, not absorbed through the skin, both drugs, Miramistin and Chlorhexidine. What is the difference, is that "Miramistin" has additionally immunoadjuvant properties. This allows him to stimulate the processes of skin regeneration, to activate its protective mechanism, which accelerates healing.
Antiseptics do not affect the ability to drive transport, do not violate consciousness, applying them, are allowed to engage in any type of activity.
Despite the fact that Miramistin is approved for use in pregnant and lactating women, it is rarely used in pediatrics and only under medical supervision.
After use in the field of application, there may be a slight burning sensation, which occurs after a few seconds.
Reviews about Miramistin indicate that it is effective for the treatment of acne, gynecological infections, in the prevention of respiratory diseases. Many note its positive effect when used as an antiseptic for washing the nasopharynx, as well as the eye during purulent conjunctivitis.
Description of the drug "Chlorhexidine"
To date, there are two almost identical drugs with antiseptic action, Miramistin and Chlorhexidine. What is the difference, it is easy to understand, having familiarized with the composition of the latter.
The active substance is a 20% solution of chlorhexidine bigluconate. The solution does not smell, colorless. Possessing a chlorinating action, the solution acts destructively only on various types of bacteria, including those responsible for sexually transmitted diseases. Mushrooms, spores and viruses of the drug are not afraid, because it is ineffective in dealing with them.
"Chlorhexidine" is undesirable to use for the treatment of children under the age of 12 years, as well as people with allergies, skin dermatitis and viral skin infections.
The drug has a narrow spectrum of action, but, according to experts, is the most effective means for disinfection and disinfection of the skin and minor injuries.
It is produced not only in the form of a solution. A distinctive feature of the various vials of Miramistin is the price. The spray is more suitable for use on the skin. Dosage forms, volume of vials and prices are indicated in the table.
Miramistin solution 50 ml
Miramistin Spray 150 ml
Miramistin solution 500 ml
800-1 thousand rubles
Dosage forms of "Chlorhexidine" and the prices for them are presented in the table.
Chlorhexidine solution 100 ml
"Geksicon" candles for vaginal use
"Chlorhexidine" alcohol solution, spray
Which is better: Miramistin or Chlorhexidine
It is impossible to determine unambiguously which drug is better. Both are effective when used for their intended purpose, each to achieve specific goals.
Feedback from buyers is inclined to the choice of Miramistine as a drug with a large number of positive properties, that is, a universal remedy.
To disinfect small skin lesions, scratches, to handle cosmetic tools, manicure accessories is quite suitable "Chlorhexidine".
As a component of complex therapy in the treatment of respiratory infections, otitis, sinusitis, Miramistin is effective, which has an extended spectrum of action.
When used on sensitive skin, "Chlorhexidine" can cause such negative symptoms as itching, dermatitis, increased dryness of the integument.
Both preparations are categorically prohibited after the expiration date.
"Miramistin" and "Chlorhexidine": what's the difference?
"Miramistin" can be used to wash the throat, nose, tear duct, ears and even eyes. It is safe for the mucous membranes, not absorbed through them into the blood, does not cause irritation. "Chlorhexidine" should not be used for this purpose, it is intended strictly for external use on the skin. In case of accidental contact with the mucous membrane, rinse immediately with running water. Also, the remedy is not recommended for the treatment of deep wounds.
A small disadvantage of Miramistin is the price. The spray is convenient for applying to the skin with microtrauma, but it costs much more than "Chlorhexidine" in the form of a spray.
Judging by the opinions of specialists, both drugs should be used with caution in pregnant and lactating women, in people of retirement age. Also, do not use antiseptic solutions for people with sensitive skin, prone to rashes and inflammations, with eczema, dermatitis, extensive burns.
The use of any drugs only for the doctor's prescription will help to avoid negative side reactions, to maintain health. Therefore, before using the drug "Chlorhexidine", the price of which is much lower, or "Miramistin", which has a large spectrum of action, it is necessary to consult with a specialist.